This timeline begins with the death of Isildur and the passing of the One Ring and ends with Sauron's return to Dol Guldur and the ending of the Watchful Peace. The second part of the History of the Third Age is contained in Part Two, as also is the history of the War of the Ring.
The Annals Of The Middle-earth Part 1, The Third Age of the Sun 1 to 2462
Isildur passes the throne of Gondor to his nephew Meneldil, who becomes Third King of Gondor.
Isildur plants a seedling of the White Tree in Minas Arnor.
The Disaster of the Gladden Fields:
Isildur and his sons Elendur, Aratan, and Ciryon attacked and slain whilst marching to the North. The One Ring is lost into the Anduin.
Ohtar brings the shards of Narsil to Imladris.
Valandil, Third High King of Arnor.
Elrond marries Celebrían, daughter of Galadriel and Celeborn.
Birth of Elladan and Elrohir, twin sons of Elrond.
Cemendur, Fourth King of Gondor.
Eärendil, Fifth King of Gondor.
Birth of Arwen, daughter of Elrond.
Eldacar, Fourth High King of Arnor.
Anardil, Sixth King of Gondor.
Arantar, Fifth High King of Arnor.
Ostoher, Seventh King of Gondor.
Ostoher rebuils Minas Arnor.
Tarcil, Sixth High King of Arnor.
First attack on Gondor by the Easterlings.
Rómendacil I Tarostar, Eighth King of Gondor.
Rómendacil I defeats the Easterlings.
Tarondor, Seventh High King of Arnor.
Rómendacil I falls in battle with the Easterlings.
Turambar, Ninth King of Gondor.
Valandur, Eighth High King of Arnor.
Elendur, Ninth High King of Arnor.
Valandur is slain, in unrecorded circumstances.
Atanatar I, Tenth King of Gondor.
Siriondil, Eleventh King of Gondor.
Eärendur, Tenth High King of Arnor.
Tarannon Falastur, Twelfth King of Gondor. He was the first childless king and was succeeded by Eärnil, the son of his brother Tarciryan.
Amlaith, First King of Arthedain.
Division of Arnor:
With the death of Eärendur, owing to dissension among his sons, Arnor was divided into three smaller kingdoms: Arthedain, Cardolan, and Rhudaur. Amlaith, the eldest son of Eärendur, became the first king of Arthedain. Only the names of the kings of Arthedain are recorded.
Eärnil I, Thirteenth King of Gondor.
Eärnil I captures Umbar, which becomes a fortress of Gondor.
Eärnil I lost at sea.
Ciryandil, Fourteenth King of Gondor.
Beleg, Second King of Arthedain.
Around this time the Sauron first entered Mirkwood and the Istari came to Middle-earth from the West.
Ciryandil slain in the seige of Umbar.
Hyarmendacil I Ciryaher, Fifteenth King of Gondor.
Mallor, Third King of Arthedain.
Hyarmendacil I conquers the Harad and lifts the seige of Umbar. Gondor reaches the height of its power.
The Harfoots (Periannath) enter Eriador.
About this time a shadow falls on Greenwood, and men begin to call it Mirkwood.
The Wise discover that an evil power has made stronghold at Dol Guldor, they think it one of the Nazgûl.
Calepharn, Fourth King of Arthedain.
Atanatar II Alcarin, Sixteenth King of Gondor.
The Fallohides (Periannath) enter Eriador.
The Stoors (Periannath) come over the Redhorn Pass and settle in the Angle and Dunland.
Celebrindor, Fifth King of Arthedain.
Narmacil I, Seventeenth King of Gondor. He was the second childless king and was succeded by his brother Calmacil.
To rid himself of all cares, Narmacil appointed his nephew Minalcar (son of Calmacil) to be Regent in TA 1240.
Minalcar defeats the Easterlings and destroys their settlements east of the Sea of Rhûn.
Minalcar sends his son, Valacar, as an ambassador to dwell with Vidugavia, King of Rhovanion. Valacar subsequently married Vidumavi, daughter of Vidugavia.
Malvegil, Sixth King of Arthedain.
Calmacil, Eighteenth King of Gondor.
Minalcar, his son, continued as Regent throughout his reign.
The Nazgûl reappear.
The Lord of the Nazgûl moves north to Angmar, becoming its Witch-King.
Orcs increase in the Misty Mountains and attack the Dwarves.
Many Periannath migrate westward and settle at Bree.
Rómendacil II Minalcar, Nineteenth King of Gondor.
Argeleb I, Seventh King of Arthedain.
Begining with Argeleb, the kings of Arthedain claimed dominion over all of Arnor and took names with the prefix Ar(a)- to symbolize such.
The Stoors flee the Angle, some recross the Misty Mountains and settle along the Gladden River.
Argeleb I slain in battle with Rhudaur.
Arveleg I, Eigth King of Arthedain.
Valacar, Twentieth King of Gondor.
Araphor, Ninth King of Arthedain.
The Witch-king of Angmar invades Arnor, Arveleg I is slain. Cardolan and Rhudaur are overrun. The Tower of Amon Sûl is destroyed, but its palantír is saved and removed to Fornost.
Eldacar, Twenty-first King of Gondor. He was born in Rhovanion, his birth name was Vinitharya.
The Kin-strife of Gondor:
The Kingship of Eldacar is rejected by many of the people of Gondor. He is considered a half-breed as his mother was not of the Dúnedain and he was born in Rhovanion. Civil war breaks out upon his coronation (1432). After five years, the rebels, led by Castamir (a grandson of Calimehtar, brother of Rómendacil II Minalcar) besiege him in Osgiliath. The city is burnt and the master-palantír lost into the Anduin (1437). Eldacar flees to Rhovanion. Castamir declares himself the Twenty-second King. Ornendil son of Eldacar is executed. After ten years Eldacar raises an army and returns (1447). Eldacar slays Castamir. Castamir's sons flee to Pelargir, and from there (along with many other rebels) to Umbar.
Aldamir, Twenth-third King of Gondor. He was the second son of Eldacar.
Hyarmendacil II Vinyarion, Twenty-fourth King of Gondor.
Aldamir is slain in battle with the Haradrim and the Corsairs of Umbar.
Argeleb II, Tenth King of Arthedain.
Hyarmendacil II defeats the Haradrim.
Many Periannath migrate from Bree, and are granted land beyond Baranduin by Argeleb II.
Foundation of the Shire.
Argeleb II grants lands west of the Baranduin to the Periannath. Many of them (led by the Fallohide brothers, Marcho and Blanco) migrate west from Bree to settle those lands, which they called the Shire.
Minardil, Twenty-fifth King of Gondor.
The Steward of Gondor during the reigns of Kings Minardil and Telemnar was Húrin, from whom all later Stewards were descended.
Stoors from Dunland migrate north to the Shire.
Telemnar, Twenty-sixth King of Gondor.
Minardil is slain when the Corsairs of Umbar, led by Angamaitë and Sangahyando (great-grandsons of Castamir) ravage Pelargir. Upon taking the throne, Telemnar immediately begins fitting out a fleet to destroy Umbar - but the Plague ends his plans.
The Great Plague:
It began in Rhovanion in the winter of 1635. Half the people and horses of Rhovanion perished.
In Gondor, many people perish, especially in the cities. Calenardhon is significantly depopulated. Telemnar and all his children die. He was succeeded by his nephew Tarondor, the son of Minastan, the second son of Minardil. The White Tree dies in Minas Anor.
The Plague desolates much of Eriador, although its effects lessened as it moved north-west. Even so, the Shire Periannath suffer great loss.
Tarondor, Twenty-seventh King of Gondor.
Tarondor moves the King's House from Osgiliath to Minas Arnor, and plants a seedling of the White Tree. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin. The guarding of Mordor ends.
Arvegil, Eleventh King of Arthedain.
Birth of Durin IV, King of Durin's Folk, King of Moria.
Arveleg II, Twelfth King of Arthedain.
Telumehtar Umbardacil, Twenty-eighth King of Gondor.
Telumehtar retakes Umbar, and drives out the Corsairs.
Araval, Thirteenth King of Arthedain.
Narmacil II, Twenty-ninth King of Gondor.
With assistance from Lindon and Imladris, Araval of Arthedain defeats Angmar. He seeks to reoccupy northern Cardolan, but evil wights terrify all who seek to dwell near.
The attacks on Gondor by the Wainriders begin.
Narmacil II falls in battle.
Calimehtar, Thirtieth King of Gondor.
The Battle of the Plains:
Narmacil II leads an army north and meets the the Wainriders in battle on the plains south of Mirkwood. With him is an army of Northmen of Rhovanion led by Marhari (a descendant of Vidugavia). Narmacil is defeated, both he and Marhari fall. Gondor loses its eastern territories. Eastern and southern Rhovanion are enslaved by the Wainriders. Some Northmen flee north and merge with the people of Dale. Others, led by Marhwini (son of Marhari), settled in the Vale of the Anduin between the Carrock and the Gladden - this is the begining of the Éothéod.
The Nazgûl re-enter Morder.
Birth of Pelendur, Steward to King Ondoher of Gondor.
Araphant, Fourteenth King of Arthedain.
Calimehtar defeats the Wainriders on the Dagorlad.
Calimehtar builds the White Tower in Minas Arnor.
Ondoher, Thirty-first King of Gondor. He had two sons, Artamir and Faramir, and a daughter, Fíriel.
The Steward of Gondor during the reigns of Kings Ondoher and Eärnil II was Pelendur.
Arnor and Gondor renew communication and forge an alliance. Arvedui, heir to the throne of Arthedain, marries Fíriel, daughter of King Ondoher of Gondor.
The Wainriders reappear and attack Gondor in great numbers, they forge an alliance with men from Khand and the Near Harad. Gondor is thus assailed from the north and the south. Ondoher and both his sons fall in battle north of Morannon. The Wainriders pour into North Ithilien.
However, Eärnil, Captain of the Southern Army defeats the southern invaders in South Ithilien. He turns north, gathers up the remnants of the Nothern Army, and destroys the Wainriders camped in North Ithilien.
Arvedui claims the throne of Gondor.
Eärnil II, Thirty-second King of Gondor.
Arvedui's claim is rejected and the crown is given to Eärnil (son of Siriondil, son of Calimmacil, son of Narmacil II).
Birth of Imrazôr, father of Galador, first Prince of Dol Amroth.
Arvedui, Fifteenth King of Arthedain.
The End of the Northern Kingdom:
The Witch-king overruns Arthedain and takes Fornost (1974). Arvedui is shipwrecked in the Bay of Forochel, the palantíri of Annúminas and Amon Sûl are lost with him. Eärnur, son of King Eärnil of Gondor, brings a fleet to Lindon. The Witch-King is defeated in the Battle of Fornost, and is pursued to the Ettenmoors. He vanishes from the North (1975).
Aranarth, son of Arvedui, First Chieftain of the Dúnedain.
The heirlooms of Arnor are given to Elrond for safe-keeping.
Frumgar leads the Éothéod north to the region around the source of the Anduin.
Bucca of the Marish, First Thain of the Shire.
Náin I, King of Durin's Folk, King of Moria.
The Dwarves awaken a Balrog in Moria, it slays Durin IV.
The Witch-king enters Mordor and gathers the Nazgûl.
The Dwarves flee Moria after the Balrog slays Náin I.
Thráin I, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain.
Many Elves flee Lórien. Amroth, King of Lórien, is lost at sea.
Mithrellas, a companion of Nimrodel (the beloved of Amroth) is lost in the woods of Belfalas and is taken in by Imrazôr, a Dúnadan of the area. They wed, and Mithrellas bears a son (Galador) and a daughter (Gilmith). After a few years Mithrellas vanishes.
Vorondil, Steward of Gondor.
Thráin I moves to Erebor and founds the Kingdom under the Mountain.
Fall of Minas Ithil.
The Nazgûl issue for Mordor and beseige it (2000). It falls, and its palantír is captured (2002). Henceforth it is known as Minas Morgul.
Eärnur, Thirty-third King of Gondor.
He is challenged by the Witch-king to single combat. He renames Minas Anor to Minas Tirith.
Galador, First Prince of Dol Amroth.
Mardil Voronwë, Steward of Gondor.
Eärnur rides to Minas Morgul to accept the challenge of the Witch-king, he does not return. As no undisputed claimant to the throne can be found, the Stewards took the rule of Gondor.
Mardil Voronwë, First Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Mithrandir goes to Dol Guldor, Sauron retreats into the East.
The Watchful Peace begins. The Nazgûl remain quiet in Minas Morgul.
Eradan, Second Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Arahel, Second Chieftan of the Dúnedain.
Thorin I, King of Durin's Folk, King Under the Mountain.
Herion, Third Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Second Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Belegorn, Fourth Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Aranuir, Third Chieftan of the Dúnedain.
Third Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Húrin I, Fifth Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Thorin I leaves Erebor and moves north to the Ered Mithrin, where most of the remnants of Durin's Folk are now gathering.
Túrin I, Sixth Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Aravir, Fourth Chieftan of the Dúnedain.
Fourth Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Hador, Seventh Ruling Steward of Gondor.
The last recorded man of Gondor to reach 150 years of age.
Glóin, King of Durin's Folk.
Fifth Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Aragorn I, Fifth Chieftan of the Dúnedain.
Aragorn I is slain by wolves. Araglas, Sixth Chieftan of the Dúnedain.
Isumbras I, Thirteenth Thain of the Shire. First Thain of the Took line.
The Oldbucks cross the Baranduin and occupy Buckland.
Sixth Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Óin, King of Durin's Folk.
Barahir, Eighth Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Seventh Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Dior, Ninth Ruling Steward of Gondor.
He was childless, and was succeeded by Denethor, the son of his sister Rían.
Denethor I, Tenth Ruling Steward of Gondor.
Arahad I, Seventh Chieftan of the Dúnedain.
Eighth Prince of Dol Amroth. His name is not recorded.
Sauron returns to Dol Guldor. The Watchful Peace ends.
The second part of the History of the Third Age is contained within another Timeline.