This timeline refers to the Second Age of the Sun. It begins with the founding of Lindon and ends with the Last Alliance, that saw the defeat of Sauron in the Second Age. It also contains the history of Numenor.
The Annals Of Númenor And Middle-earth, The Second Age of the Sun: 1-3441
Foundation of the Grey Havens and Lindon.
The Edain reach Númenor, and Elros settles in Armenelos, which appears to have already been constructed.
Many Dwarves leaving their old cities in Ered Luin go to Moria and swell its numbers.
Birth of Vardamir Nólimon, son (eldest child) of Elros.
There followed a daughter, Tindómiel, and two more sons, Manwendil and Atanalcar.
Birth of Tar-Amandil, son (eldest child) of Vardamir.
Birth of Vardilmë, daughter of Vardamir.
Birth of Aulendil, son of Vardamir.
Birth of Nolondil, son of Vardamir.
Birth of Tar-Elendil, son (eldest child) of Tar-Amandil.
Birth of Eärendur, son of Tar-Amandil.
Birth of Yávien, daughter of Nolondil the son of Vardamir.
Birth of Mairen, daughter of Tar-Amandil.
Birth of Oromendil, son of Nolondil the son of Vardamir.
Birth of Axantur, son of Nolondil the son of Vardamir.
Death of Elros.
Vardamir Nólimon surrendered Sceptre immediately. Deemed to have reigned for less than one year.
Tar-Amandil, King of Númenor.
Sauron begins to stir in Middle-earth.
Birth of Caliondo, son of Eärendur the son of Tar-Amandil.
Birth of Silmariën, daughter (eldest child) of Tar-Elendil. She married Elatan of Andúnië, their son Valandil became the first Lord of Andúnië.
Birth of Isilmë, daughter of Tar-Elendil.
Birth of Írimon (Tar-Meneldur), son (third child) of Tar-Elendil.
Birth of Lindissë, daughter of Axantur the grandson of Vardamir.
Birth of Ardamir, son of Axantur the grandson of Vardamir.
Birth of Cemendur, son of Axantur the grandson of Vardamir.
Tar-Amandil surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Elendil, King of Númenor.
Vëantur, Captain of the King's Ships, brings his ship Entulessë to Mithlond - the first Númenórean to sail to Middle-earth.
Birth of Valandil, first Lord of Andúnië.
Birth of Malantur, son of Caliondo the grandson of Tar-Amandil.
Birth of Anardil (Tar-Aldarion), son (eldest child) of Tar-Meneldur.
Birth of Írildë, daughter of Cemendur the great-grandson of Vardamir.
The Noldor, led by Galadriel and Celeborn, settle in Eregion.
Birth of Hallatan of Hyarstorni, son of Cemendur the great-grandson of Vardamir.
Birth of Ailinel, daughter of Tar-Meneldur
First voyage of Anardil (Tar-Aldarion) to Middle-earth, returned 727
Birth of Almiel, daughter of Tar-Meneldur
Tar-Elendil surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Meneldur, King of Númenor. His wife, Almarian, was the daughter of Vëantur, Captain of the King's Ships under Tar-Elendil.
Guild of Venturers founded in Númenor.
The Noldor begin building Ost-in-Edhil, the chief city of Eregion.
Birth of Erendis, wife of Tar-Aldarion.
Birth of Nessanië, daughter of Hallatan of Hyarastorni.
Birth of Hallacar, husband of Tar-Ancalimë, son of Hallatan of Hyarastorni.
Marriage of Aldarion and Erendis.
Birth of Tar-Ancalimë, daughter (only child) of Tar-Aldarion.
Aldarion and Erendis separate.
Tar-Meneldur surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Aldarion, King of Númenor.
Sauron begins building the Barad-dûr.
Birth of Tar-Anárion, son (only child) of Tar-Ancalimë.
Tar-Aldarion surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Ancalimë, first Ruling Queen.
Birth of Tar-Súrion, son (third child) of Tar-Anárion.
Sauron endeavours to seduce the Eldar. Gil-galad refuses to treat with him; but Celebrimbor and the smiths of Eregion are won over.
Númenóreans begin to build permanent havens on the coasts of Middle-earth.
Death of Hallacar, husband of Tar-Ancalimë.
Tar-Ancalimë, first Ruling Queen, surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Anárion, King of Númenor.
Birth of Tar-Telperien, daughter (eldest child) of Tar-Súrion. There was also a son Isilmo.
At the instigation of Sauron, the Gwaith-i-Mírdain, led by Celebrimbor, revolt against the leadership of Galadriel and Celeborn and seize power in Eregion. Galadriel and Celeborn depart Ost-in-Edhil and pass through Moria to Lórien. Celebrimbor becomes Lord of Eregion.
Tar-Anárion surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Súrion, King of Númenor. He had two older sisters, but they refused the Sceptre.
Birth of Tar-Minastir, son of Isilmo the brother of Tar-Telperien.
The Gwaith-i-Mírdain, instructed by Sauron, reach the height of their skill and begin forging the Rings of Power.
Sauron departs Eregion.
Tar-Súrion surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Telperien, second Ruling Queen. She never married, thus the Sceptre passed to her nephew Tar-Minastir.
Celebrimbor forges the Three Rings.
Sauron forges the One Ring in Orodruin and places it on his finger. Celebrimbor and the smiths of Eregion perceive his plans and tear the Rings of Power from their fingers and hide them.
Sauron completes the Barad-dûr.
Celebrimbor gathers up the Three Rings and travels to Lórien to seek the advice of Galadriel. She counsels that the Rings should be dispersed and hidden far from Eregion, where Sauron believes them to be. Celebrimbor gives Nenya to her; he then travels to Lindon and delivers Vilya and Narya to Gil-galad.
Birth of Tar-Ciryatan, son of Tar-Minastir.
Tar-Telperien surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Minastir, King of Númenor.
The War of the Elves and Sauron:
Seeking to take the Rings of Power, Sauron invades Eriador from Calenardhon (1695). As the vanguard of Sauron's army approaches Eregion, Celeborn leads a sortie out of Ost-in-Edhil and for a while holds it back. But when Sauron's main host arrives Celeborn is overrun and retreats. However, he is cut off from returning to Eregion. So he retreats north and meets up with an army sent from Lindon by Gil-galad and commanded by Elrond. Eregion is overrun and Ost-in-Edhil falls (1697).
Sauron gains the Nine Rings and at least six of the Seven. Celebrimbor is captured but refuses to reveal the location of the Three and is tortured to death. Sauron nevertheless guesses their whereabouts. He marches north-west and meets Elrond and Celeborn. The latter would have been overwhelmed except Sauron is attacked in the rear by a force issuing from Moria (this was a force of Dwarves accompanied by Elves of Lórien led by Amroth). Sauron turns and drives the Dwarves back into Moria, but the Gates are shut and he can not enter. Allowed time to move, Elrond retreats north to Imladris. Sauron advances north-west to assail Lindon, but is forced to leave a strong detachment to beseige Elrond in Imladris. Sauron overruns Eriador, and reaches the River Lhûn (1699).
Tar-Minastir sends a navy, commanded by one Ciryatur, to Lindon (1700). It arrives just in time to prevent Lindon from being overrun. Sauron is heavily defeated and driven back. He retreats to Sarn Ford (the crossing on the Baranduin) which he appears to attempt to hold, but he is forced back after great slaughter. Sauron withdraws to the line of the Gwathló, he is strengthened by forces from Tharbard, but finds a Númenórean army at his rear (for Ciryatur had put a strong force ashore at Vinyalondë). In the Battle of the Gwathló Sauron is routed utterly and he himself only narrowly escapes. He retreats with a small force, but is assailed again in eastern Calenardhon. With no more than a bodyguard he retreats to Mordor (1701). The army besieging Imladris is caught between Gil-galad and Elrond and completely destroyed. The Westlands have peace for a long while.
Galadriel travels to Imladris in search of Celeborn, whilst she is there the first Council is held.
Birth of Tar-Atanamir, son of Tar-Ciryatan.
Shadow falls on Númenor, they begin to establish dominion on the coasts of Middle-earth.
Around this time, Galadriel and Celeborn may have moved to Dol Amroth.
Tar-Minastir surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Ciryatan, King of Númenor.
Birth of Tar-Ancalimon, son of Tar-Atanamir.
Tar-Ciryatan surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Atanamir the Great, King of Númenor.
Rebellion and division of the Númenoreans begins.
Birth of Tar-Telemmaitë, son of Tar-Ancalimon.
Tar-Ancalimon, King of Númenor.
The Nazgûl first appear.
Rebellion and division of the Númenóreans begins.
Birth of Tar-Vanimeldë, daughter of Tar-Telemmaitë.
Birth of Herucalmo, husband of Tar-Vanimeldë.
Pelargir is built. It becomes the chief haven of the Faithful Númenoreans.
Tar-Telemmaitë, King of Númenor.
Birth of Tar-Alcarin, son of Tar-Vanimeldë.
Birth of Tar-Calmacil, son of Tar-Alcarin.
Tar-Vanimeldë, third Ruling Queen. She gave little heed to ruling. Her husband, Herucalmo, wielded the power.
Birth of Tar-Ardamin, first son of Tar-Calmacil.
Birth of Gimilzagar, second son of Tar-Calmacil.
Herucalmo withheld the Sceptre from his son, taking the name Tar-Anducal. He ruled until his death in 2657.
Tar-Alcarin, King of Númenor.
Legitimate ruler since 2637.
Birth of Ar-Adûnakhôr, son of Tar-Ardamin.
Tar-Calmacil, (Ar-Belzagar) King of Númenor. The first King whose name was commonly spoken in Adûnaic.
Birth of Ar-Zimrathon, son of Ar-Adûnakhôr.
Tar-Ardamin (Ar-Abattârik), King of Númenor.
Birth of Ar-Sakalthôr, son of Ar-Zimrathon.
Ar-Adûnakhôr (Tar-Herunúmen), King of Númenor. The first King to take the Sceptre with a title in Adûnaic, although for superstitious reasons a Quenya name was still entered into the Scrolls.
Teaching of the Elven tongues forbidden.
Birth of Ar-Gimilzôr, son of Ar-Sakalthôr.
Ar-Zimrathon (Tar-Hostamir), King of Númenor.
Ar-Salkalthôr (Tar-Falassion), King of Númenor.
Birth of Inziladûn (Tar-Palantir), son (eldest child) of Ar-Gimilzôr.
Birth of Gimilkhâd, second son of Ar-Gimilzôr.
Ar-Gimilzôr (Tar-Telemnar), King of Númenor. His wife, Inzilbêth, was a daughter of Lindórië the sister of Eärendur, fifteenth Lord of Andúnië.
Use of the Elven tongues completely forbidden, the Eldar no longer permitted to come to Númenor.
Birth of Míriel, daughter (only child) of Tar-Palantir.
Birth of Pharazôn, son of Gimilkhâd.
Birth of Elendil (Nimruzîr), founding High King of Arnor and Gondor, son (only child) of Amandil, eighteenth Lord of Andúnië
Tar-Palantir (Ar-Inziladûn), King of Númenor.
Gimilkhâd opposed Tar-Palantir as openly as he dared.
Repentance of Tar-Palantir. Civil war in Númenor.
The Lord of Andúnië during the reign of Tar-Palantir was Númendil, the seventeenth Lord.
Birth of Isildur, founding Co-Regent of Gondor, second King of Arnor, son (eldest child) of Elendil.
Birth of Anárion, founding Co-Regent of Gondor, second son of Elendil.
Death of Gimilkhâd.
Ar-Pharazôn the Golden (Tar-Calion), King of Númenor.
Upon the death of Tar-Palantir, his daughter, Míriel was taken to wife by Pharazôn, the son of Gimilkhâd, against her will, and against the law of Númenor. Pharazôn then seized the Sceptre, taking the name Ar-Pharazôn, and giving Míriel the name Ar-Zimraphel.
The Lord of Andúnië during the reign of Ar-Pharazôn was Amandil (Aphanuzîr), the eighteenth (and last) Lord.
Ar-Pharazôn lands in Umbar.
Sauron is taken as a prisoner to Númenor.
3262-3310 Sauron seduces the King and corrupts the Númenoreans.
Birth of Elendur, son (eldest child) of Isildur.
Ar-Pharazôn begins building his fleet to assail Valinor.
Birth of Meneldil, second King of Gondor, son (fourth and youngest child) of Anárion.
Downfall of Númenor: Ar-Pharazôn assails Valinor.
The Changing of the World. The Valar lay down their guardianship of the World and call on Ilúvatar: He changes the shape of the World, removing Valinor off the Circle of the World, and drowning Númenor beneath the Sea.
Elendil and his sons, Isildur and Anárion, escape the destruction of Númenor, and found the Kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor in Middle-earth.
Elendil, First High King of Arnor and Gondor.
Isildur and Anárion, Co-Regents of Gondor
Foundation of the Kingdoms in Exile:
Arnor, the Northern Kingdom, is established in Eriador. It is ruled directly by Elendil. Its capital city is Annuminas.
Gondor, the Southern Kingdom, is established further south, around the mouth of the Anduin. It is ruled jointly by Elendil's sons Isildur and Anárion. Its capital city is Osgiliath.
Isildur plants a seedling of the White Tree in Minas Ithil.
The seven palantíri are divided. Three in Arnor: in Annuminas, the Tower of Amon Sûl, and the tower Elostirion upon the Emyn Beraid. And four in Gondor: the Master-Stone in Osgiliath, and lesser Stones in Minas Anor, Minas Ithil, and Angrenost.
Sauron returns to Mordor.
Birth of Aratan, second son of Isildur. He was born in Gondor.
Birth of Ciryon, third son of Isildur. He was born in Minas Ithil.
The War of the Last Alliance:
Sauron attacks Gondor, takes Minas Ithil, and burns the White Tree (3429). Isildur escapes down the Anduin and sails to Elendil in the North. Anárion defends Osgiliath. Gil-galad and Elendil forge the Last Alliance of Elves and Men (3430) while Valandil, fourth son of Isildur and third High King of Arnor is born in Imladris.
Gil-Galad and Elendil march east to Imladris (3431). Their armies cross the Misty Mountains, defeat Sauron's forces at the Battle of Dagorlad, enter Mordor, and besiege the Barad-dûr (3434). Anárion is slain (3440). Sauron comes forth and challenges Gil-galad and Elendil to combat. He is vanquished, but they perish in the deed (3441). Isildur takes the One Ring and becomes Second High King of Arnor and Gondor.
End of the Second Age.