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The Mythical World of J.R.R. Tolkien

The Second Age

This timeline refers to the Second Age of the Sun. It begins with the founding of Lindon and ends with the Last Alliance, that saw the defeat of Sauron in the Second Age. It also contains the history of Numenor.


The Annals Of Númenor And Middle-earth, The Second Age of the Sun: 1-3441


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1
Foundation of the Grey Havens and Lindon.

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32
The Edain reach Númenor, and Elros settles in Armenelos, which appears to have already been constructed.

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c.40
Many Dwarves leaving their old cities in Ered Luin go to Moria and swell its numbers.

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61
Birth of Vardamir Nólimon, son (eldest child) of Elros.
There followed a daughter, Tindómiel, and two more sons, Manwendil and Atanalcar.

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192
Birth of Tar-Amandil, son (eldest child) of Vardamir.

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203
Birth of Vardilmë, daughter of Vardamir.

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213
Birth of Aulendil, son of Vardamir.

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222
Birth of Nolondil, son of Vardamir.

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350
Birth of Tar-Elendil, son (eldest child) of Tar-Amandil.

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361
Birth of Eärendur, son of Tar-Amandil.

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371
Birth of Yávien, daughter of Nolondil the son of Vardamir.

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377
Birth of Mairen, daughter of Tar-Amandil.

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382
Birth of Oromendil, son of Nolondil the son of Vardamir.

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395
Birth of Axantur, son of Nolondil the son of Vardamir.

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442
Death of Elros.
Vardamir Nólimon surrendered Sceptre immediately. Deemed to have reigned for less than one year.
Tar-Amandil, King of Númenor.

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c. 500
Sauron begins to stir in Middle-earth.

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512
Birth of Caliondo, son of Eärendur the son of Tar-Amandil.

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521
Birth of Silmariën, daughter (eldest child) of Tar-Elendil. She married Elatan of Andúnië, their son Valandil became the first Lord of Andúnië.

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532
Birth of Isilmë, daughter of Tar-Elendil.

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543
Birth of Írimon (Tar-Meneldur), son (third child) of Tar-Elendil.

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551
Birth of Lindissë, daughter of Axantur the grandson of Vardamir.

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562
Birth of Ardamir, son of Axantur the grandson of Vardamir.

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575
Birth of Cemendur, son of Axantur the grandson of Vardamir.

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590
Tar-Amandil surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Elendil, King of Númenor.

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600
Vëantur, Captain of the King's Ships, brings his ship Entulessë to Mithlond - the first Númenórean to sail to Middle-earth.

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630
Birth of Valandil, first Lord of Andúnië.

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670
Birth of Malantur, son of Caliondo the grandson of Tar-Amandil.

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700
Birth of Anardil (Tar-Aldarion), son (eldest child) of Tar-Meneldur.
Birth of Írildë, daughter of Cemendur the great-grandson of Vardamir.
The Noldor, led by Galadriel and Celeborn, settle in Eregion.

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711
Birth of Hallatan of Hyarstorni, son of Cemendur the great-grandson of Vardamir.

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712
Birth of Ailinel, daughter of Tar-Meneldur

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725
First voyage of Anardil (Tar-Aldarion) to Middle-earth, returned 727

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729
Birth of Almiel, daughter of Tar-Meneldur

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740
Tar-Elendil surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Meneldur, King of Númenor. His wife, Almarian, was the daughter of Vëantur, Captain of the King's Ships under Tar-Elendil.

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750
Guild of Venturers founded in Númenor.
The Noldor begin building Ost-in-Edhil, the chief city of Eregion.

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771
Birth of Erendis, wife of Tar-Aldarion.

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840
Birth of Nessanië, daughter of Hallatan of Hyarastorni.

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852
Birth of Hallacar, husband of Tar-Ancalimë, son of Hallatan of Hyarastorni.

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870
Marriage of Aldarion and Erendis.

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873
Birth of Tar-Ancalimë, daughter (only child) of Tar-Aldarion.

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882
Aldarion and Erendis separate.

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883
Tar-Meneldur surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Aldarion, King of Númenor.

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c. 1000
Sauron begins building the Barad-dûr.

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1003
Birth of Tar-Anárion, son (only child) of Tar-Ancalimë.

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1075
Tar-Aldarion surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Ancalimë, first Ruling Queen.

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1174
Birth of Tar-Súrion, son (third child) of Tar-Anárion.

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1200
Sauron endeavours to seduce the Eldar. Gil-galad refuses to treat with him; but Celebrimbor and the smiths of Eregion are won over.
Númenóreans begin to build permanent havens on the coasts of Middle-earth.

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1211
Death of Hallacar, husband of Tar-Ancalimë.

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1280
Tar-Ancalimë, first Ruling Queen, surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Anárion, King of Númenor.

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1320
Birth of Tar-Telperien, daughter (eldest child) of Tar-Súrion. There was also a son Isilmo.

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c. 1375
At the instigation of Sauron, the Gwaith-i-Mírdain, led by Celebrimbor, revolt against the leadership of Galadriel and Celeborn and seize power in Eregion. Galadriel and Celeborn depart Ost-in-Edhil and pass through Moria to Lórien. Celebrimbor becomes Lord of Eregion.

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1394
Tar-Anárion surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Súrion, King of Númenor. He had two older sisters, but they refused the Sceptre.

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1474
Birth of Tar-Minastir, son of Isilmo the brother of Tar-Telperien.

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c. 1500
The Gwaith-i-Mírdain, instructed by Sauron, reach the height of their skill and begin forging the Rings of Power.
Sauron departs Eregion.

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1556
Tar-Súrion surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Telperien, second Ruling Queen. She never married, thus the Sceptre passed to her nephew Tar-Minastir.

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c. 1590
Celebrimbor forges the Three Rings.

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c. 1600
Sauron forges the One Ring in Orodruin and places it on his finger. Celebrimbor and the smiths of Eregion perceive his plans and tear the Rings of Power from their fingers and hide them.
Sauron completes the Barad-dûr.

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c. 1601
Celebrimbor gathers up the Three Rings and travels to Lórien to seek the advice of Galadriel. She counsels that the Rings should be dispersed and hidden far from Eregion, where Sauron believes them to be. Celebrimbor gives Nenya to her; he then travels to Lindon and delivers Vilya and Narya to Gil-galad.

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1634
Birth of Tar-Ciryatan, son of Tar-Minastir.

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1691
Tar-Telperien surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Minastir, King of Númenor.

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1695-1701
The War of the Elves and Sauron:
Seeking to take the Rings of Power, Sauron invades Eriador from Calenardhon (1695). As the vanguard of Sauron's army approaches Eregion, Celeborn leads a sortie out of Ost-in-Edhil and for a while holds it back. But when Sauron's main host arrives Celeborn is overrun and retreats. However, he is cut off from returning to Eregion. So he retreats north and meets up with an army sent from Lindon by Gil-galad and commanded by Elrond. Eregion is overrun and Ost-in-Edhil falls (1697).

Sauron gains the Nine Rings and at least six of the Seven. Celebrimbor is captured but refuses to reveal the location of the Three and is tortured to death. Sauron nevertheless guesses their whereabouts. He marches north-west and meets Elrond and Celeborn. The latter would have been overwhelmed except Sauron is attacked in the rear by a force issuing from Moria (this was a force of Dwarves accompanied by Elves of Lórien led by Amroth). Sauron turns and drives the Dwarves back into Moria, but the Gates are shut and he can not enter. Allowed time to move, Elrond retreats north to Imladris. Sauron advances north-west to assail Lindon, but is forced to leave a strong detachment to beseige Elrond in Imladris. Sauron overruns Eriador, and reaches the River Lhûn (1699).

Tar-Minastir sends a navy, commanded by one Ciryatur, to Lindon (1700). It arrives just in time to prevent Lindon from being overrun. Sauron is heavily defeated and driven back. He retreats to Sarn Ford (the crossing on the Baranduin) which he appears to attempt to hold, but he is forced back after great slaughter. Sauron withdraws to the line of the Gwathló, he is strengthened by forces from Tharbard, but finds a Númenórean army at his rear (for Ciryatur had put a strong force ashore at Vinyalondë). In the Battle of the Gwathló Sauron is routed utterly and he himself only narrowly escapes. He retreats with a small force, but is assailed again in eastern Calenardhon. With no more than a bodyguard he retreats to Mordor (1701). The army besieging Imladris is caught between Gil-galad and Elrond and completely destroyed. The Westlands have peace for a long while.

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c. 1710
Galadriel travels to Imladris in search of Celeborn, whilst she is there the first Council is held.

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1800
Birth of Tar-Atanamir, son of Tar-Ciryatan.

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c. 1800
Shadow falls on Númenor, they begin to establish dominion on the coasts of Middle-earth.
Around this time, Galadriel and Celeborn may have moved to Dol Amroth.

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1869
Tar-Minastir surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Ciryatan, King of Númenor.

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1986
Birth of Tar-Ancalimon, son of Tar-Atanamir.

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2029
Tar-Ciryatan surrendered Sceptre.
Tar-Atanamir the Great, King of Númenor.
Rebellion and division of the Númenoreans begins.

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2136
Birth of Tar-Telemmaitë, son of Tar-Ancalimon.

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2221
Tar-Ancalimon, King of Númenor.

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c. 2250
The Nazgûl first appear.

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c. 2250
Rebellion and division of the Númenóreans begins.

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2277
Birth of Tar-Vanimeldë, daughter of Tar-Telemmaitë.

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2280
Umbar strengthened.

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2286
Birth of Herucalmo, husband of Tar-Vanimeldë.

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2350
Pelargir is built. It becomes the chief haven of the Faithful Númenoreans.

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2386
Tar-Telemmaitë, King of Númenor.

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2406
Birth of Tar-Alcarin, son of Tar-Vanimeldë.

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2516
Birth of Tar-Calmacil, son of Tar-Alcarin.

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2526
Tar-Vanimeldë, third Ruling Queen. She gave little heed to ruling. Her husband, Herucalmo, wielded the power.

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2618
Birth of Tar-Ardamin, first son of Tar-Calmacil.

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2630
Birth of Gimilzagar, second son of Tar-Calmacil.

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2637
Herucalmo withheld the Sceptre from his son, taking the name Tar-Anducal. He ruled until his death in 2657.

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2657
Tar-Alcarin, King of Númenor.
Legitimate ruler since 2637.

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2709
Birth of Ar-Adûnakhôr, son of Tar-Ardamin.

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2737
Tar-Calmacil, (Ar-Belzagar) King of Númenor. The first King whose name was commonly spoken in Adûnaic.

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2798
Birth of Ar-Zimrathon, son of Ar-Adûnakhôr.

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2825
Tar-Ardamin (Ar-Abattârik), King of Númenor.

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2876
Birth of Ar-Sakalthôr, son of Ar-Zimrathon.

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2899
Ar-Adûnakhôr (Tar-Herunúmen), King of Númenor. The first King to take the Sceptre with a title in Adûnaic, although for superstitious reasons a Quenya name was still entered into the Scrolls.

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c. 2900
Teaching of the Elven tongues forbidden.

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2960
Birth of Ar-Gimilzôr, son of Ar-Sakalthôr.

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2962
Ar-Zimrathon (Tar-Hostamir), King of Númenor.

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3033
Ar-Salkalthôr (Tar-Falassion), King of Númenor.

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3035
Birth of Inziladûn (Tar-Palantir), son (eldest child) of Ar-Gimilzôr.

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3044
Birth of Gimilkhâd, second son of Ar-Gimilzôr.

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3102
Ar-Gimilzôr (Tar-Telemnar), King of Númenor. His wife, Inzilbêth, was a daughter of Lindórië the sister of Eärendur, fifteenth Lord of Andúnië.

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c. 3110
Use of the Elven tongues completely forbidden, the Eldar no longer permitted to come to Númenor.

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3117
Birth of Míriel, daughter (only child) of Tar-Palantir.

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3118
Birth of Pharazôn, son of Gimilkhâd.

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3119
Birth of Elendil (Nimruzîr), founding High King of Arnor and Gondor, son (only child) of Amandil, eighteenth Lord of Andúnië

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3177
Tar-Palantir (Ar-Inziladûn), King of Númenor.
Gimilkhâd opposed Tar-Palantir as openly as he dared.
Repentance of Tar-Palantir. Civil war in Númenor.
The Lord of Andúnië during the reign of Tar-Palantir was Númendil, the seventeenth Lord.

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3209
Birth of Isildur, founding Co-Regent of Gondor, second King of Arnor, son (eldest child) of Elendil.

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3219
Birth of Anárion, founding Co-Regent of Gondor, second son of Elendil.

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3243
Death of Gimilkhâd.

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3255
Ar-Pharazôn the Golden (Tar-Calion), King of Númenor.
Upon the death of Tar-Palantir, his daughter, Míriel was taken to wife by Pharazôn, the son of Gimilkhâd, against her will, and against the law of Númenor. Pharazôn then seized the Sceptre, taking the name Ar-Pharazôn, and giving Míriel the name Ar-Zimraphel.
The Lord of Andúnië during the reign of Ar-Pharazôn was Amandil (Aphanuzîr), the eighteenth (and last) Lord.

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3261
Ar-Pharazôn lands in Umbar.

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3262
Sauron is taken as a prisoner to Númenor.

3262-3310 Sauron seduces the King and corrupts the Númenoreans.

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3299
Birth of Elendur, son (eldest child) of Isildur.

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3310
Ar-Pharazôn begins building his fleet to assail Valinor.

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3318
Birth of Meneldil, second King of Gondor, son (fourth and youngest child) of Anárion.

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3319
Downfall of Númenor: Ar-Pharazôn assails Valinor.
The Changing of the World. The Valar lay down their guardianship of the World and call on Ilúvatar: He changes the shape of the World, removing Valinor off the Circle of the World, and drowning Númenor beneath the Sea.
Elendil and his sons, Isildur and Anárion, escape the destruction of Númenor, and found the Kingdoms of Arnor and Gondor in Middle-earth.

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3320
Elendil, First High King of Arnor and Gondor.
Isildur and Anárion, Co-Regents of Gondor
Foundation of the Kingdoms in Exile:
Arnor, the Northern Kingdom, is established in Eriador. It is ruled directly by Elendil. Its capital city is Annuminas.
Gondor, the Southern Kingdom, is established further south, around the mouth of the Anduin. It is ruled jointly by Elendil's sons Isildur and Anárion. Its capital city is Osgiliath.
Isildur plants a seedling of the White Tree in Minas Ithil.
The seven palantíri are divided. Three in Arnor: in Annuminas, the Tower of Amon Sûl, and the tower Elostirion upon the Emyn Beraid. And four in Gondor: the Master-Stone in Osgiliath, and lesser Stones in Minas Anor, Minas Ithil, and Angrenost.
Sauron returns to Mordor.

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3339
Birth of Aratan, second son of Isildur. He was born in Gondor.

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3379
Birth of Ciryon, third son of Isildur. He was born in Minas Ithil.

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3429-3441
The War of the Last Alliance:
Sauron attacks Gondor, takes Minas Ithil, and burns the White Tree (3429). Isildur escapes down the Anduin and sails to Elendil in the North. Anárion defends Osgiliath. Gil-galad and Elendil forge the Last Alliance of Elves and Men (3430) while Valandil, fourth son of Isildur and third High King of Arnor is born in Imladris.
Gil-Galad and Elendil march east to Imladris (3431). Their armies cross the Misty Mountains, defeat Sauron's forces at the Battle of Dagorlad, enter Mordor, and besiege the Barad-dûr (3434). Anárion is slain (3440). Sauron comes forth and challenges Gil-galad and Elendil to combat. He is vanquished, but they perish in the deed (3441). Isildur takes the One Ring and becomes Second High King of Arnor and Gondor.


End of the Second Age.